Microbiologists and cell and molecular biologists research such areas as bacteria, fungi, viruses, tissues, cells, pharmaceuticals, and plant/animal toxins.

Aptitude: • Patience, • Meticulousness, • Creativity, • Decisiveness, • Independence, • Excellent It Skills, • Numerical Skills, • Analytical Skills, • Team Working Skills, • Communication Skills

Work: Microbiologists and cell and molecular biologists perform some or all of the following duties: , Conduct research into the structure, function, ecology, biotechnology and genetics of microorganisms, including bacteria, fungi, protozoans, and algae; Conduct research into the structure and functioning of human, animal and plant tissues and cells; Conduct studies into the identification, effects and control of human, plant and animal pathogens and toxins; Conduct clinical or laboratory studies to test, evaluate and screen drugs and pharmaceuticals; Conduct molecular or biochemical studies and experiments into genetic expression, gene manipulation and recombinant DNA technology. , May supervise biological technologists and technicians and other scientists. , Biologists and related scientists may specialize at the macroscopic level, in fields such as botany, zoology, ecology and marine biology or, at the cellular and molecular level, in fields such as genetics, immunology, pharmacology, toxicology, physiology, pathology, bacteriology and virology.

Title Examples: Bacteriologist, Cell Biologist, Histologist, Immunologist, Microbiologist, Molecular Biologist, Molecular Geneticist, Molecular Physiologist, Protozoologist, Toxicologist

Useful Secondary School subjects: Biology, Chemistry, Math, English

Degrees associated with this career: Bachelor, Master, Doctorate

Requirements: In general, you need a university degree in biology or a related field. , To be a research scientist in biology or a related field, you need a master's or doctoral degree to work in government/business. You must also have post-doctoral research experience for employment in academic or research institutions. , Most recent entrants have an undergraduate university degree, and almost 3 in 10 have a graduate degree.

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