Biologists conduct studies of the structure/characteristics of humans, plants, and animals; conduct environmental assessment studies; classify plant/animal specimens; and carry out basic/applied research.

Work: Biologists may perform the following duties: , Plan and conduct studies of the environment, and the population, distribution, structure and functional characteristics and behaviour of plants and animals; Conduct ecological and environmental impact studies and prepare reports; Study, identify and classify plant and animal specimens; Conduct experiments in plant or animal growth, heredity and breeding; Prepare reports and plans for management of renewable resources; Supervise biological technologists and technicians and other scientists. , Microbiologists and cell and molecular biologists perform some or all of the following duties: , Conduct research into the structure, function, ecology, biotechnology and genetics of micro-organisms, including bacteria, fungi, protozoans, and algae; Conduct research into the structure and functioning of human, animal and plant tissues and cells; Conduct studies into the identification, effects and control of human, plant and animal pathogens and toxins; Conduct clinical or laboratory studies to test, evaluate and screen drugs and pharmaceuticals; Conduct molecular or biochemical studies and experiments into genetic expression, gene manipulation and recombinant DNA technology; Supervise biological technologists and technicians and other scientists.

Title Examples: Bacteriologist, Ecologist, Geneticist, Immunologist, Marine Biologist, Toxicologist

Useful Secondary School subjects: Biology, Chemistry, Math, English

Degrees associated with this career: Bachelor, Master, Doctorate

Requirements: In general, you need a university degree in biology or a related field. , To be a research scientist in biology or a related field, you need a master's or doctoral degree to work in government/business. You must also have post-doctoral research experience for employment in academic or research institutions. , Most recent entrants have an undergraduate university degree, and almost 3 in 10 have a graduate degree.

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