Anesthetists administer gas or inject drugs to artificially induce insensitivity to pain during medical procedures. Anaesthetist is the term used throughout the world, and particularly in Britain, to designate one who administers an anaesthetic, and includes both nurses and doctors. In Canada, only trained physicians provide anesthetic services, so the Canadian Anaesthetists' Society adopted the designation anesthesiologist to separate physician providers from others. Nurse anesthetists or certified registered nurse anesthetists (CRNA) are licensed professional nurses (RNs) who undergo extensive training, become nationally certified by exam after graduation, and then provide services similar to an anesthesiologist. Anesthesiologists are physicians which after medical school, complete a one year internship and a three year residency in anesthesia.

Work: The anesthetist or anesthesiologist may perform some or all of the following tasks: , Perform preoperative evaluations and preparations; Administer anesthetics; Monitor patient reactions to anesthesia and surgery; Advise the appropriate physician of adverse reactions; Manage fluid therapy; Provide or supervise postoperative recovery care; Perform postoperative follow-up and patient evaluation; Maintain records.

Title Examples: Anaesthesiologist, Anaesthetist, Anathesiologist, Anesthetist, Certified Registered Nurse Anesthetist, Nurse Anesthetist

Useful Secondary School subjects: Math, Biology, Chemistry, Physics, English

Degrees associated with this career: Doctorate

Requirements: You must complete a Bachelor of Science degree or, in Quebec, a college program in health science, and one year of pre-medicine university studies. , You must graduate from an approved medical school with training in your chosen area of specialization. , You must complete the certifying examinations of the Royal College of Physicians and Surgeons of Canada and obtain a licence from the licensing authority in the province/territory where you'll work. , You also need to complete an additional period of supervised fieldwork/practical training or specialty residency program. The minimum residency program duration is four years and must be taken at a designated teaching hospital recognized by the Royal College of Physicians and Surgeons of Canada. , You may also need to complete two additional years of subspecialty training.

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