Judges preside over courts of law, interpret/enforce rules of procedure, adjudicate civil/criminal cases, and administer justice. They may specialize in particular areas of law such as civil, criminal, and family law.

Aptitude: Excellent Interpersonal, Presentation And Written/Oral Communication Skills. , • Possession Of Integrity, Confidentiality And A Non-Prejudicial Manner. , • Self-Confidence, Motivation And Resilience. , • Legal And Commercial Awareness. , • Excellent Time And People Management Skills. , • Excellent Academic And Research Skills

Work: Judges perform some or all of the following duties: , Preside over courts of law, interpret and enforce rules of procedure and make rulings regarding the admissibility of evidence; Instruct the jury on laws that are applicable to the case; Weigh and consider evidence in non-jury trials and decide legal guilt or innocence or degree of liability of the accused or defendant; Pass sentence on persons convicted in criminal cases and determine damages or other appropriate remedy in civil cases; Grant divorces and divide assets between spouses; Determine custody of children between contesting parents and other guardians; Enforce court orders for access or support; Supervise other judges and court officers. , Judges may specialize in particular areas of law such as civil, criminal or family law.

Title Examples: Chief Justice, District Court Judge, Family Court Judge, Federal Trial Court Justice, Judge, Justice, Provincial Court of Appeal Justice, Small Claims Court Judge, Supreme Court Justice

Useful Secondary School subjects: Social Studies (Law), English (Communication), Family Studies, Math

Degrees associated with this career: Bachelor, Master, Doctorate

Requirements: People in this group require a pre-law college or university program and a bachelor's degree from a law school. Most recent entrants have an undergraduate university degree. , Extensive experience as a lawyer or as a professor of law with continuous membership in the bar association is usually required. , Membership in good standing with a provincial or territorial law society or bar association is required. , Judges are appointed by federal or provincial cabinet. , Those appointed to more senior positions in a court, such as chief justice, usually have experience as judges in that court. , To be a judge, you usually need extensive experience as a lawyer or law professor and continuous bar association membership. You must be a member in good standing with your provincial/territorial law societies or bar associations. , Most recent entrants have an undergraduate university degree, and almost 1 in 4 has a graduate degree.

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